Compañía Nacional de Danza
May 8 and 9, 2015
ALLEGRO BRILLANTE. George Balanchine/ Piotr Ilich Chaikovski
SUITE NO.2 OP. 17, III: ROMANCE. Uwe Scholz/Sergei Rachmaninov
RAYMONDA VARIATIONS. José Carlos Martínez/ Alexander Gluzanov
IN THE MIDDLE, SOMEWHAT ELEVATED. William Forsythe / Thom Willems
Compañía Nacional de Danza
Compañía Nacional de Danza was founded in 1979 under the name of The Ballet Nacional de España Clásico, its first Director being Victor Ullate. His successors in the post were María de Avila and the extraordinary Russian ballerina Maya Plisétskaya, until, in 1990, Nacho Duato was named Artistic Director of the company.
Nacho Duato’s appointment brought innovative change to the history of the company. Until 2010, he contributed forty five works as a choreographer, praised by critics worldwide.
After one year under the direction of Hervé Palito, José Carlos Martinez was appointed as the new Director of the Compañía Nacional de Danza. The Principal Dancer from the Paris Opera Ballet took office on September 1st, 2011.
The project José Carlos Martinez has for the Compañía Nacional de Danza is to encourage and make the art of dance more well known, along with his repertory in the ample sense, ranging from classical and neoclassical ballet to modern choreographic language, embracing both new Spanish and international creation, drawing in new audiences and boosting its national and international projection within a setting of full artistic and creational freedom.
José Carlos Martínez
ARTISTIC DIRECTOR OF COMPAÑÍA NACIONAL DE DANZA de España
COMMANDEUR DE L'ORDRE DES ARTS ET DES LETTRES (France)
PREMIO NACIONAL DE DANZA 1999 (Spain)
José Carlos Martínez. Foto QuezadaJosé Carlos Martínez began his ballet studies in Cartagena, under Pilar Molina, continuing in 1984 at the Centre de Danse International Rosella Hightower in Cannes. In 1987, he won the Lausanne Prize and joined the Paris Opera Ballet School. In 1988, he was personally selected by Rudolf Nureyev to join the Ballet Company of the Paris Opera as a corps de ballet dancer. In 1992, he was promoted to Principal Dancer and won the Gold Medal in the International Competition of Varna. On 27th May 1997, he was appointed “Etoile” of Paris Opera Ballet, the highest category a dancer can rise to.
During his career José Carlos Martínez was awarded numerous prizes such as the Prix de l ‘AROP, the Prix Carpeaux, the Premio Danza & Danza, the Prix Léonide Massine-Positano, the Spanish National Dance Prize, the Gold Medal of the City of Cartagena, the Prize Elegance et Talent France/Chine, Scenic Arts Prize for the best dancer (Valencia), Benois de la Danse for his choreography Les Enfants du Paradis, Prize Dansa València. He is Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France).
Jose Carlos Martinez's repertoire as a dancer is characterized by the famous choreographies of classical and neo-classical ballet. Apart from that he has worked with most of the important choreographers of the 20th Century such as Maurice Bejart, Pina Bausch, Mats Ek, William Forsythe, many of them creating on him.
As a guest he has performed with many of the world's most prestigious ballet companies.
As a choreographer José Carlos Martínez created Mi Favorita (2002), Delibes Suite (2003), Scaramouche (2005) for students of the Paris Opera Ballet School, Paréntesis 1 (2005), Soli-Ter (2006), El Olor de la Ausencia (2007), Les Enfants du Paradis (2008) for Paris Opera Ballet, Ouverture en Deux mouvements and Scarlatti pas de deux (2009), Marco Polo, the Last Mission (2010) for Shanghai Ballet. For Compañía Nacional de Danza de España he has created Sonatas (2012), Raymonda Variations, Giselle pas de deux (2013) and Resonance (2014) for the Boston Ballet. In 2015 he stages his own version of Don Quixote Suite announcing the complete ballet premiere by the CND in December of the same year.
José Carlos Martínez has been the new Artistic Director of Spain's Compañía Nacional de Danza de España since September 2011.
Choreography: George Balanchine (© The George Balanchine Trust)
Music: Piotr Ilich Chaikovski, (Concierto de piano no 3, op. 75)
Costumes: Nanette Glushak y Miguel Crespi
Staging: Nanette Glushak
Adaptation of Light Design: Nicolás Fischtel
Costumes made by: Miguel Crespi
Duration: 17 minutes
Worldpremiere by New York City Ballet on March 1st, 1956 at the City Center of Music and Drama, New York.
Premiered by Compañía Nacional de Danza May 24th, 2014 at Teatro Real de Madrid.
Allegro Brillante is characterized by what Maria Tallchief (the ballerina on whom the bravura leading role was created) calls “an expansive Russian romanticism.” The music’s vigorous pace makes the steps appear even more difficult, but the ballet relies on strong dancing, precise timing, and breadth of gesture. Balanchine said: “It contains everything I know about the classical ballet in 13 minutes.” Tschaikovsky’s Third Piano Concerto was originally written as a symphony. But as it was nearing completion, the composer, dissatisfied with it, converted the first movement into a concert piece for piano.
The performance of Allegro Brillante, a Ballanchine® Ballet, is presented by arrangement with The George Balanchine Trust and has been produced in accordance with the Balanchine Style® and Balanchine Technique® Service standards established and provided by the Trust.
George Balanchine was born in St. Petersburg, Russia (1904-1983) and is regarded as the foremost contemporary choreographer in the world of ballet. He came to the United States in late 1933, at the age of 29, accepting the invitation of the young American arts patron Lincoln Kirstein (1907-96), whose great passions included the dream of creating a ballet company in America. At Balanchine's behest, Kirstein was also prepared to support the formation of an American academy of ballet that would eventually rival the long-established schools of Europe.
Balanchine's more than 400 dance works include Serenade (1934), Concerto Barocco (1941), Le Palais de Cristal, later renamed Symphony in C (1947), Orpheus (1948), The Nutcracker (1954), Agon (1957), Symphony in Three Movements (1972), Stravinsky Violin Concerto (1972), Vienna Waltzes (1977), Ballo della Regina (1978), and Mozartiana (1981). His final ballet, a new version of Stravinsky's Variations for Orchestra, was created in 1982.
He also choreographed for films, operas, revues, and musicals. Among his best-known dances for the stage is Slaughter on Tenth Avenue, originally created for Broadway's On Your Toes (1936). The musical was later made into a movie.
A major artistic figure of the twentieth century, Balanchine revolutionized the look of classical ballet. Taking classicism as his base, he heightened, quickened, expanded, streamlined, and even inverted the fundamentals of the 400-year-old language of academic dance. This had an inestimable influence on the growth of dance in America. Although at first his style seemed particularly suited to the energy and speed of American dancers, especially those he trained, his ballets are now performed by all the major classical ballet companies throughout the world.
Suite No.2 Op. 17, III: Romance
Choreography: Uwe Scholz
Music: Sergei Rachmaninov
Costumes: Uwe Scholz
Light Design: Röger Michael Wolfgang
Costumes made by: Klaus Schreck
Duration: 9 minutes (aprox.)
World premiere by Zürich Ballet on 1987 at Zürich Opera House, Zürich (Switzerland)
Premiere by Compañía Nacional de Danza on May 8th, 2015 at Teatro Principal, Valencia (Spain).
What distinguishes Scholz choreographies in general is their unparalleled musically. Pace by pace the music resounding with his work seems to articulate itself almost perforce in harmony with his art. Whereas one normally hopes to perceive the choreography to reflect the music, to translate it faithfully into the visual setting, with Scholz artistically unequalled tour de force, to stage, on the contrary, reflects the music mirror-like in resounding symphonic imagery.
Scholz writes poetry with movement. He writes poetry in dance. His ballets, written in largely classical moves, are a silent address to stage: emphatically tracing everyman’s joys, everyman’s joys, everyman’s sorrows. It is that affects everyone anew in his work. You hear his ballets with your eyes. You see them with your ears.
Uwe Scholz was born on 31 December 1958 in the state of Hesse, Germany.
He received his first ballet training at the age of four, which was then continued two years later at the Landestheater Darmstadt. In 1973, under the tuition of John Cranko, he passed the entrance exam at the Ballet School of the Wuerttembergische Staatstheater Stuttgart, where he completed his training in 1979. Upon concluding his studies, he was given a contract, as a member of the Stuttgart Ballet, where he was entrusted by Marcia Haydée with a number of choreographic challenges. These were to have lasting effect and influence on his further development. In 1980, Uwe Scholz received a choreographer’s contract from Haydée and retired as a dancer from the stage. Two years later, he was appointed the first "Resident Choreographer" of the Stuttgart Ballet since John Cranko's death.
In addition to choreographing ballets, he was also able to gather experience as an assistant producer and opera choreographer (e.g. with Lovro von Matacic and with Hans Neuenfels, "Aida" in Frankfurt on Main), as an opera director (e.g. Testimonium Festival in Israel and "The Magic Flute" in Nuremberg), and as a drama assistant (with Heyme) and on work for television. At the age of only twenty-six, Uwe Scholz became the Ballet Director and Resident Choreographer of the Zurich Opera House, where he directed the Zurich Ballet for six years until 1991.
Since 1991, Uwe Scholz has been the Director and Resident Choreographer of the Leipzig Opera Ballet. Here he took on the artistic management of a ballet ensemble which was amongst the largest in Germany and has been known internationally since 1992 as the Leipzig Ballet. During his long career as a choreographer, he created a repertoire of more than seventy ballets. Without omitting such renowned composers as Mozart, Wagner and Stravinsky, his musical range extended from music of the renaissance period to collaborating with contemporary composers such as Udo Zimmermann or Pierre Boulez.
Uwe Scholz's talents as a choreographer are in demand world-wide. He has choreographed ballets for the Vienna State Opera, La Scala Milan, on several occasions for the Stuttgart Ballet, for "Les Ballets de Monte Carlo" as well as Jiri Kylan’s "Nederlands Dans Theater", for Jerusalem, Stockholm and Toronto.
Uwe Scholz's choreographic signature has made a name for itself on many international stages (including New York, Paris, Moscow, Rio de Janeiro, Madrid, Florence, Tokyo, Berlin and Munich). For his services as a choreographer, Uwe Scholz was awarded the "Ommagio Alla Danza" award by the "Espressione Europa" organisation in Venice in 1987. In 1996, the German President of the time, Roman Herzog, bestowed upon him the Order of the Federal Republic of Germany. In honour of his choreography of Mozart’s 1st Mass in D minor, which enjoyed its premiere in February 1998 with the Leipzig Ballet, he received the Theatre Award of the year, from the Bavarian National Government in the Dance category. He was also awarded the German Dance Award in Essen in 1999. Uwe Scholz's vision of the ideal interpretation of dance was not limited to a mere achievement of perfection in terms of dance. Instead he was interested in the dancer’s ability to convey an artistic idea through "body language". Uwe Scholz was a founding member of the Freie Akademie der Kuenste zu Leipzig. In 1993, he was appointed Professor for Choreography at the Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy College for Music and Theatre in Leipzig. Since September 1997, he was also the Director of the Ballet School of the Leipzig Opera. Uwe Scholz died at the age of 45 years on the November 21st, 2004.
Choreography: José Carlos Martinez (to the original by Marius Petipa and the version by Rudolf Nureyev)
Music: Alexander Glazunov.
Costumes: Jordi Roig and Carmen Granell
Duration: 28 minutes
Worldpremiere by Ballet Imperial in January 19th 1898 at Marinsky Theatre, St. Petersburgo.
Premiered by Compañía Nacional de Danza in October 18th 2013 at Teatro Guerra de Lorca.
The ballet Raymonda (one of the last great works by Marius Petipa) takes place in three acts in a conventional Middle Ages. This “Gran Pas Classique” is an extract from the Act III: Raymonda and Jean de Brienne, are now married in the presence of the King of Hungary.
Just as the music takes on the exotic tones of Magyar themes, the classic steps are also adorned with Hungarian taste. While the legs dance in pure classic style the bust and arms adopts the gestures of a “character dance”
*Dedicated to Maya Plisétskaya
José Carlos Martinez
In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated
Choreography: William Forsythe
Music: Thom Willems
Sets, Costumes and Light Design: William Forsythe
Staging: Agnès Noltenius
Costumes made by: Klaus Schreck
Duration: 28 minutes
Worldpremiere by Ballet de l’Opéra de Paris at Théâtre National de l’Opéra de París, May 29, 1987
Premiered by Compañía Nacional de Danza at Teatro de la Zarzuela Madrid, December 11, 1992.
The strength of a work is based on its simplicity. In The Middle, lacking in any external effects, is concentrated on thetraditional formula, theme and variations. The main theme, danced by the ballerina, increases progressively in relationto the number of dancers, until the result of the group becomes much more complex variations and pas de deux. The pretended disdain of the dancers contrasts with the strict and severe technical demands. The title of the ballet refers to two golden cherries, which hang above from the centre of the stage, and which lead to a minimal reflexion within the huge interior of l’Opéra de Paris, the space in which this ballet was created
Raised in New York and initially trained in Florida with Nolan Dingman and Christa Long, Forsythe danced with the Joffrey Ballet and later the Stuttgart Ballet, where he was appointed Resident Choreographer in 1976. Over the next seven years, he created new works for the Stuttgart ensemble and ballet companies in Munich, The Hague, London, Basel, Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, Paris, New York, and San Francisco. In 1984, he began a 20-year tenure as director of the Ballet Frankfurt, where he created works such as Artifact (1984), Impressing the Czar (1988), Limb’s Theorem (1990), The Loss of Small Detail (1991, in collaboration with composer Thom Willems and designer Issey Miyake), A L I E / N A(C)TION (1992), Eidos:Telos (1995), Endless House (1999), Kammer/Kammer (2000), and Decreation (2003).
After the closure of the Ballet Frankfurt in 2004, Forsythe established a new, more independent ensemble. The Forsythe Company, founded with the support of the states of Saxony and Hesse, the cities of Dresden and Frankfurt am Main, and private sponsors, is based in Dresden and Frankfurt am Main and maintains an extensive international touring schedule. Works produced by the new ensemble include Three Atmospheric Studies (2005), You made me a monster (2005), Human Writes (2005), Heterotopia (2006), The Defenders (2007), Yes we can’t (2008), and I Don’t Believe in Outer Space (2008). Forsythe’s most recent works are developed and performed exclusively by The Forsythe Company, while his earlier pieces are prominently featured in the repertoire of virtually every major ballet company in the world, including The Kirov Ballet, The New York City Ballet, The San Francisco Ballet, The National Ballet of Canada, England’s Royal Ballet, and The Paris Opera Ballet.
Awards received by Forsythe and his ensembles include the New York Dance and Performance “Bessie” Award (1988, 1998, 2004, 2007) and London’s Laurence Olivier Award (1992, 1999, 2009). Forsythe has been conveyed the title of Commandeur des Arts et Lettres (1999) by the government of France and has received the German Distinguished Service Cross (1997), the Wexner Prize (2002) and the Golden Lion (2010).
Forsythe has been commissioned to produce architectural and performance installations by architect-artist Daniel Libeskind, ARTANGEL (London), Creative Time (New York), and the City of Paris. His installation and film works have been presented in numerous museums and exhibitions, including the Whitney Biennial (New York), the Venice Biennale, the Louvre Museum, and 21_21 Design Sight in Tokyo. His performance, film, and installation works have been featured at the Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich, the Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, the Venice Biennale and the Hayward Gallery, London.
In collaboration with media specialists and educators, Forsythe has developed new approaches to dance documentation, research, and education. His 1994 computer application Improvisation Technologies: A Tool for the Analytical Dance Eye, developed with the Zentrum für Kunst und Medien technologie, is used as a teaching tool by professional companies, dance conservatories, universities, postgraduate architecture programs, and secondary schools worldwide. 2009 marks the launch of Synchronous Objects for One Flat Thing, reproduced, a digital online score developed with The Ohio State University that reveals the organizational principles of the choreography and demonstrates their possible application within other disciplines.
As an educator, Forsythe is regularly invited to lecture and give workshops at universities and cultural institutions. In 2002, Forsythe was chosen as one the founding Dance Mentor for The Rolex Mentor and Protégé Arts Initiative. Forsythe is an Honorary Fellow at the Laban Centre for Movement and Dance in London and holds an Honorary Doctorate from the Juilliard School in New York.
COMPAÑÍA NACIONAL DE DANZA
Paseo de la Chopera, 4